10 Thaats of Hindustani Classical Music
- In a layman’s language to define, a Thaat is like a category under which there could be number of Raags.
- A Thaat is a sequential set of seven out of 12 notes.
- A Thaat will always have only seven different notes – either in their shuddh (natural) form or in their vikrit (moulded) form.
- In Indian classical music, there are 32 Thaats, but following 10 Thaats are more prevalent.
- Vikrit Swars are shown below in Red colour.
- Notes written in Capitals are ‘Shuddh Swars’ and those written in Smalls are ‘Komal Swars’. # sign is for Tivr Madhyam.
Trick to easily remember the 10 Thaats.
Memorize this sentence – “Bhigi Kal Khoob Barish Me Kya Pata Aye Bukhar Tujhe”
Each of the first letter of the above words, represents the first letter of the following Thaats. E.g., Bhigi=Bilawal; Kal=Kalyan; Khoob=Khamaj; Barish=Bhairav; Me=Marwa; Kya=Kafi; Pata=Poorvi; Aye=Asavari; Bukhar=Bhairavi and, Tujhe=Todi.
Now memorize a phone number – 0112223344
These numbers represents the number of vikrit swars that these 10 Thaats contain. E.g., 0=Bilawal as it has got no vikrit swar. 1,1 are the next two Thaats – Kalyan and Khamaj that contain one vikrit swar each. Then 2,2,2 are the next three Thaats – Bhairav, Marwa and Kafi, that contain two vikrit swars each. Then 3,3, are the next two Thaats – Poorvi and Asavari, that contain three vikrit swars each. And lastly, 4,4, are the final two Thaats – Bhairavi and Todi, that contain four vikrit swars each.
S R G M P D N
S R G M# P D N
S R G M P D n
S r G M P d N
S r G M# P D N
S R g M P D n
S r G M# P d N
S R g M P d n
S r g M P d n
S r g M# P d N
Now with the above vikrit swars (indicated in Red) play this:
rd | rM# | gn
rM#d | gdn
rgdn | rgM#d
Watch this video on how to memorize these 10 Thaats easily, which is getting very popular.
|SOME POPULAR RAAG, THEIR THAAT, SWAR AND JAATI|
Aaroh / Avroh
|Bilawal||Bilawal||S R G M P D N|
N D P M G R S
|Yaman||Kalyan||S R G M# P D N|
N D P M# G R S
|Des||Khamaj||S R M P N|
R n D P M G R S
S G M P N
S r G M P d N
|Sohani||Marwa||S r G M# D N |
N D M# G r S
|Bageshri||Kafi||S R g M D n|
S n D M g R S
|Kafi||Kafi||S R g M P D n|
n D P M g R S
|Miyan Malhar||Kafi||S R M P D n N |
n P M g R S
|Patdeep||Kafi||S g M P N|
N D P M g R S
|Piloo||Kafi||S G M P n |
N d P M g R S
|Basant||Poorvi||S r G M d |
N d P M G r S
|Lalit||Poorvi||S r G M M# d N|
N d M# M G r S
|Puria Dhanshri||Poorvi||S r G M# P d N|
N d P M# g r S
|Asavari||Asavari||S R M P d |
n d P M g R S
|Bhairavi||Bhairavi||S r g M P d n|
n d P M g r S
|Chandrakauns||Bhairavi||S g M d N|
N d M g S
|Malkauns||Bhairavi||S g M d n|
n d M g S
|Madhuwanti||Todi||S g M# P N|
N D P M# g R S
|Todi||Todi||S r g M# P d N|
N d P M# g r S
|*Sampoorna = usage of 7 notes|
|*Shadav = usage of 6 notes|
|*Audav = usage of 5 notes|